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FAQ

  • Title
    What should be done when collecting, moving, and storing waste materials for cross-border transport?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 17 of the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal 
    ◦ In accordance with Article 17 of the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, transport/storage/recycling of wastes that are imported or exported are subject to the Wastes Control Act or the Act on the Promotion of Saving and Recycling of Resources. 
    ◦ Therefore, those who wish to collect & transport wastes for export must get approval for waste collection and transport in accordance with Article 25 of the Wastes Control Act, and those who want to run semi-treatment business of wastes must get approval for waste semi-treatment. 
    * According to the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, those approved for the waste import are responsible for the treatment of their own imported wastes. (In accordance with Article 24-3 of the Wastes Control Act)
  • Title
    What is volume-rate garbage disposal system?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 14 of the Wastes Control Act
    ◦ Volume-rate garbage disposal system aims to fundamentally reduce waste generation and promote recycling of waste. This is a ‘pay as you dispose’ system, which differs from the previous system of imposing fixed fees on waste disposal based on building size or property tax. 
    ◦ Volume-rate garbage disposal system applies to domestic waste and industrial waste similar to domestic waste, and details necessary for implementation of the system are designated in a system guideline. (Amended in Nov. 2012) 
    ◦ Domestic waste must be disposed in a standard garbage disposal bag manufactured and sold by local government agencies, and recyclable materials such as paper, steel, glass bottles and plastic can be disposed for free. For the disposal of large items such as waste furniture or home electronic appliances, disposal stickers must be purchased and attached. Broken glass or other materials that cannot be disposed in a standard disposal bag must be put out in a separate bag.
  • Title
    What kinds of waste management business are there?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 22 of the Wastes Control Act 
    ◦ Those who wish to run a business on collection/transport/recycling/treatment of designated wastes(excluding domestic waste), must submit their waste management business plan to the minister of environment, or to the mayor/governor if the waste is other than above. 
    ◦ Collection & transport of waste: collecting & transporting waste to recycling or treatment facilities or to export 
    ◦ Semi-treatment of waste:  semi-treatment of waste by incineration, mechanical, chemical, biological, and other safe semi-treatment method in a semi waste treatment facility 
    ◦ Final treatment of waste: final treatment of waste (landfill etc. excluding ocean disposal) in a final waste treatment facility 
    ◦ Comprehensive treatment of waste: semi-treatment together with final treatment of waste 
    ◦ Semi-recycling of waste: semi-processed waste manufacturing in a waste recycling facility 
    ◦ Final recycling of waste: recycling of semi-processed waste with purpose and by treatment method in accordance with Article 13-2 of the Wastes Control Act, in a waste recycling facility 
    ◦ Comprehensive recycling of waste: semi-recycling together with final recycling of waste in a waste recycling facility
  • Title
    What are measures prepared by the government for the climate pact?
  • Content
    ◦ Because Korea is currently a non-annex country, it is not subject to any mitigation obligation until 2020. 
    ◦ Currently, the international community is discussing on a new climate regime, and plans to complete its preparation by 2015. 
    ◦ By 2020, the Korean government will establish and implement various mitigation roadmaps in order to reach its midterm national greenhouse gas mitigation target. 
    (* Low Carbon Green Growth Act Enforcement Decree Article 25-mitigation of 35% compared to BAU by 2020) 
    ◦ As the host country of GCF, Korea will assume its bridging role between developed and developing countries, as well as voluntarily set up its post-2020 mitigation pledges.
  • Title
    What are the projects subject to environmental impact assessment and assessment procedures?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 22, Annex 3 of enforcement decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act
    ◦ Environmental Impact Assessment Act investigates/predicts/evaluates environmental plans in terms of their impact on the environment prior to approval, in order to avoid or eliminate harmful environmental impact. 
    ◦ The assessment is performed in 17 areas (enforcement decree annex 3) including urban development project, excluding disaster emergency project, military or national confidential projects 
    ◦ The assessment can be performed by an agent. Upon suggestions made by residents and relevant administrative agency, it can be discussed with the head of a consultative agency. (Either the Ministry of Environment or local environmental agency)
  • Title
    Who are the negotiating parties and negotiation procedures of strategic environmental impact assessment?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 9, Annex 2 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act 
    ◦ This system is a systematic decision making tool that helps sustainable development through comprehensive measure of economic, social, environmental impact of policymaking, planning, and programming prior to launching development projects. 
    ◦ When establishing plans that may have an impact on the environment, they are analyzed to see whether or not they are in line with environment conservation plans. By reviewing appropriateness of the plans, sustainable development potential of the land is ensured. 
    ◦ Strategic environmental impact assessment consists of 15 policy plans and 86 basic development plans, stipulated by annex 2 of the enforcement decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act, Article 9. 
     
    ◦ Head of the policy planning institute decides assessment category / scope, after preparing an assessment report for a discussion meeting. Strategic environmental impact assessment is then drafted, according to assessment categories. Upon suggestions made by relevant administrative bodies and residents, its final version is submitted to the approval agency, and the head of approval agency must discuss it with the head of a consultative agency.
  • Title
    What are the main details of Environmental Impact Assessment Policy, which went through a comprehensive reform in 2012?
  • Content
    ◦ Since its adoption in 1977, Environmental Impact Assessment Policy has been implemented
     
    Environmental Impact Assessment Policy   
    since 1982. The policy went through a number of reforms since.
     
    ◦ As of 22 July 2012, the Framework Act on Environmental Policy and Environmental Impact Assessment Act, were integrated and implemented as the ‘Environmental Impact Assessment Act’. The integration of the two aimed to enhance efficiency and provide reasonable assessment system, by three subdivisions of strategic environmental impact assessment, environmental impact assessment and small-scale environmental impact assessment. 
     
    Environmental Impact Assessment Policythe Framework Act on Environmental Policy and Environmental Impact Assessment Act
  • Title
    What is wastewater treatment system and what kinds are there?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 62 of the Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act 
    ◦ Wastewater system allows businesses that release little wastewater(class 5) or are exempted from installing water pollutant control facility to entrust their wastewater treatment to an external specialist.
    - 91% of Korea’s industrial wastewater is generated by small sized businesses, such as film processing and plating business. However, they only generate 7% of total wastewater generated by the country. 
    - Considering the above, wastewater treatment system is run to allow these small businesses to entrust their work to external specialists, instead of installing their own water pollutant control facilities. 
    ◦ Wastewater management business is divided into entrusted wastewater treatment, and wastewater recycling business, which recycles and uses treated wastewater as the raw material to produce new products.
  • Title
    Can a 100% foreign invested corporation in Korea with an environmental patent receive policy fund or funds of other nature?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 56 of the Framework Act on Environmental Policy 
    ◦ To nurture environmental industry, the Ministry of Environment is providing low-interest loans. 
    ◦ Certain conditions must be met to qualify for the above. (Environmental patent, certification etc.) Once the conditions are met, both domestic and foreign invested corporations are treated equally. 
    ◦ According to qualifications, loans such as environmental improvement fund and recycling industry promotion fund are provided upon assessment. 
  • Title
    Can a foreigner or a foreign corporation run an environment based business?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 15 of the Environmental Technology and Industry support Act 
    ◦ Foreigners are treated equally as Korean nationals when approving for running environmental businesses. 
     
    “Public corporation specializing in the environment“ refers to a corporation that designs and constructs the following facilities.
    - Air pollution control facility in accordance with Article 2 no. 12 of the Clean Air Conservation Act 
    - Water pollutant control facility in accordance with Article 2 no. 12 of the Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act 
    - Noise & Vibration control facility in accordance with Article 2 no. 4 of the Noise and Vibration Control Act 
    ◦ To run environmental businesses, conditions for registration (capital, technology, lab device, lab) must be fulfilled upon registration, in accordance with environmental law (Clean Air Conservation Act, Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act, Noise and Vibration Control Act). The registration is submitted to the head of local government.

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