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FAQ

  • Title
    What is the environmental law that needs to be complied with when establishing a factory?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: 
    - Article 23 clause 1, Enforcement decree Article 11 and 12, Enforcement rule Article 25 
    - Noise and Vibration Control Act Article 8 clause 1, Enforcement decree Article 2, Enforcement decree Article 9 
    - Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act Article 33 clause 1, Enforcement decree Article 31 clause 1 and 2, Enforcement rule Article 36 
    - Clean Air Conservation Act Article 43 clause 1, Enforcement decree Article 1, Enforcement rule Article 25 and 58 
    ◦ Depending on the type, area and location of pollutants discharged before constructing a factory, approval must be granted by the mayor or governor. For air pollutants, air pollutant discharge facility installation approval must be granted in accordance with the Clean Air Conservation Act. For wastewater, wastewater discharge facility installation approval must be granted in accordance with the Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act. For noise & vibration, noise & vibration release facility installation approval must be granted in accordance with the Noise and Vibration Control Act. 
    ◦ Anyone who wishes to run a business that generates scattered dust, exhausted without an outlet, must notify the mayor/governor in accordance with the Clean Air Conservation Act, and install facilities or take other necessary measures to suppress generation of the dust. 
    ◦ Anyone who wishes to install discharge facilities must also install a control facility to make sure that pollutants discharged do not exceed the set level. Prior to operating the discharge & control facilities, it must be notified to the approval authority, unless already approved. 
  • Title
    What are the basic drawings of design that are submitted when applying for construction approval?
  • Content
    ① The following documents need to be submitted when applying for construction approval. 
    1. Construction plan ( location, area, size, purpose ) 
    2. Layout plan ( building layout, road, parking, landscaping plan) 
    3. Ground plan ( 1st floor ground plan, location of pillar, wall, window, stairs) 
    4. Elevation ( more than 2 sides, exterior finishing materials) 
    5. Cross-sectional diagram ( length-wise, height of building and each floor ) 
    * Drawings must be completed by a certified architect ( except construction and expansion of small buildings of less than 85㎡), and can be reduced at the discretion of the architect.
  • Title
    Fees for construction approval
  • Content
    ① Fees in the following list were designated by construction decrees of local governments based on total floor area of buildings. (Article 10 of the Enforcement Regulation of the Building Act)
     
    건축허가시 부담하는 수수료
    Total Floor Area Total Amount
    Less than 200㎡
    Single house: more than KRW 2,700, less than KRW 4,000
    Others: more than KRW 6,700, less than KRW 9,400
    More than 200㎡, less than 1000㎡
    Single house: more than KRW 4,000, less than KRW 6,000
    Others: more than KRW 14,000, less than KRW 20,000
    More than 1,000㎡, less than 5,000㎡ More than KRW 34,000, less than KRW 54,000
    More than 5,000㎡, less than 10,000㎡ More than KRW 68,000, less than KRW 100,000
    More than 10,000㎡, less than 30,000㎡ More than KRW135,000, less than KRW 200,000
    More than 30,000㎡, less than 100,000㎡ More than KRW 270,000, less than KRW 410,000
    More than 100,000㎡, less than 300,000㎡ More than KRW 540,000, less than KRW 810,000
    More than 300,000㎡ More than KRW 1,080,000, less than KRW 1,620,000
     
    ※ When the design changes, new fee will be calculated based on the changes.
  • Title
    What are procedures for the construction commencement notification?
  • Content
    ① Building owners must notify their construction plan to mayor/head of district prior to commencing their construction. If the construction is subject to supervision, the supervisor and constructor must both sign the construction commencement notification sheet before submission. 
    1. Copy of construction contract of each interest party 
    2. Drawings listed in the following 
    a. Specifications
    b. Structural drawings of retaining walls ( for buildings with 2 or more underground floors subject to notification )
  • Title
    What are the drawings required for commencing the construction?
  • Content
    ① They are plans of construction, structural bill, specifications, interior plan, facility drawing, land excavation plan & revetment drawing ( for factories only ), structural drawings of retaining walls ( for buildings with 2 or more underground floors subject to notification ) 
    ② The following documents must be submitted when applying for construction approval. 
    1. Construction plan 
    2. Building arrangement 
    3. Ground plan, cross-sectional diagram of elevation, structure map
    4. Structure bill 
    5. Specifications
    6. Interior plan
    7. Fire facility drawing
    8. Architecture facility drawing 
    9. Land excavation plan & revetment drawing 
  • Title
    What is the approval procedure for building use?
  • Content
    ① Owner: upon the completion of building construction, the following needs to be submitted to mayor/head of district for building use. 
    1. If construction supervisor was designated: completed report of construction supervision
    2. Changes were made to the report of construction permission: final report of construction completion where changes are applied 
    3. Buildings constructed upon notification: floor plan consisting of arrangement and ground plan 
    4. Buildings that require inspection certificate of LPG facilities in accordance with article 27, clause 2 of the Safety Control and Business of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Act: LPG completion inspection certificate 
    5. Application form and document required by corresponding law 
    ② Mayor, head of city/district: a site visit must be made to perform site inspection within 7 days of receiving application for approval for building use. Approval must be granted for buildings that passed the site inspection.  
  • Title
    What is the building coverage ratio of buildings?
  • Content
    It is construction area of buildings to land size, and building coverage ratio according to article 77, clause 1&2 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act must not exceed the ratio designated by city/military ordinance within the following scope. 
    1. Type 1 dedicated residential area: less than 50%
    2. Type 2 dedicated residential area: less than 50%
    3. Type 1 general residential area: less than 60%
    4. Type 2 general residential area: less than 60%
    5. Type 3 general residential area: less than 50%
    6. Quasi-residential area: less than 70%
    7. Central commercial area: less than 90%
    8. General commercial area: less than 80%
    9. Neighborhood commercial area: less than 70%
    10. Distribution commercial area: less than 80%
    11. Dedicated industrial area: less than 70%
    12. General industrial area: less than 70%
    13. Quasi-industrial area: less than 70%
    14. Green protection zone: less than 20% 
    15. Production green zone: less than 20% 
    16. Natural green zone: less than 20% 
    17. Conservation management zone: less than 20% 
    18. Production management area: less than 20% 
    19. Planned management area: less than 40% 
    20. Agricultural area: less than 20% 
    21. Nature conservation area: less than 20% 
    ② When floor area ratio for each zone is decided according to city/military ordinance, jurisdiction area can be subdivided and different floor area ratio can be set. 
    ③ In accordance with the National Land Planning and Utilization Act, buildings that fit into any of the below must not exceed the given floor area ratio. 
    1. Existing factories, warehouse facilities and research institutes within natural green zone ( must have been set up at the time the zone was designated, and this ratio only applies to the case where existing buildings expand ) : floor area ratio allowed at the time of construction approval (within 40% range) 
    2. Existing factories, warehouse facilities and research institutes within planned management zone ( must have been established before 1 Jan 2003, and this ratio only applies to the case where existing buildings expand. The rural city planning committee must have certified that these buildings have sufficient infrastructure, such as drainage system, waterworks, roads etc. Buildings must also fulfill conditions set by the city/military ordinance) : floor area ratio designated by the city/military ordinance (within 50% range) 
    ④ For the buildings listed below that can be constructed within production green zone in accordance with article 77, clause 4-3, their floor area ratio must not exceed the ratio set by the city/military ordinance, based on various factors such as the city’s agricultural population, demand & supply of agricultural processing facilities etc. 
    1. Agricultural processing facilities and agricultural test/research institutes in accordance with article 32, clause 1-1 of the Farmland Act 
    2. Drying & storage facilities for agricultural produce, in accordance with article 29, clause 5-1 of the enforcement ordinance of the Farmland Act 
  • Title
    What is the floor area ratio of buildings?
  • Content
    (Article 78 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act) and article 85 of its enforcement decree 
    It is gross area of buildings to land size, and the maximum floor area ratio is determined by city/military ordinance based on the Presidential decree within the following scope, in consideration of land size of jurisdiction area, population size, and characteristics of zones.
    1. Urban areas 
    a. Residential area: less than 500%
    b. Commercial area: less than 1500%
    c. Industrial area: less than 400%
    2. Management areas 
    a. Conservation management area: less than 80% 
    b. Production management area: less than 80%
    c. Planned management area: less than 100%, but for areas that set up growth & development measures, it can be adjusted within 125% according to the local government ordinance. 
    3. Agricultural area: less than 80%
    4. Nature conservation area: less than 80% 
    Floor area ratio according to article 78, clause 1 & 2 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act must not exceed the ratio designated by city/military ordinance, in consideration of land area, population size and characteristics of zones.
    1. Type 1 dedicated residential area: more than 50%, less than 100% 
    2. Type 2 dedicated residential area: more than 100%, less than 150%
    3. Type 1 general residential area: more than 100%, less than 200% 
    4. Type 2 general residential area: more than 150%, less than 250% 
    5. Type 3 general residential area: more than 200%, less than 300% 
    6. Quasi-residential area: more than 200%, less than 500%
    7. Central commercial area: more than 400%, less than 1500% 
    8. General commercial area: more than 300%, less than 1300% 
    9. Neighborhood commercial area: more than 200%, less than 900%
    10. Distribution commercial area: more than 200%, less than 1100% 
    11. Dedicated industrial area: more than 150%, less than 300%
    12. General industrial area: more than 200%, less than 350%
    13. Quasi-industrial area: more than 200%, less than 400%
    14. Green protection zone: more than 50%, less than 80% 
    15. Production green zone: more than 50%, less than 100%
    16. Natural green zone: more than 50%, less than 100%
    17. Conservation management zone: more than 50%, less than 80%
    18. Production management area: more than 50%, less than 80%
    19. Planned management area: more than 50%, less than 100%
    20. Agricultural area: more than 50%, less than 80% 
    21. Nature conservation area: more than 50%, less than 80% 
  • Title
    What are the areas where factory construction is allowed pursuant to the Building Act?
  • Content
    ① Factory construction is wholly or partly allowed in residential areas, quasi-residential areas, commercial areas, industrial areas and green zone. 
    1. Residential area: printing industry, recording industry, sewing industry, computer & computer device manufacturing industry, computer assembling industry, tofu manufacturing industry, laundry factory and knowledge industry center that do not discharge harmful substances designated by the Clean Air Conservation Act 
    2. Central commercial area: publication industry, printing industry, metal working industry, recording industry that do not discharge harmful substances designated by the Clean Air Conservation Act 
    3. General & Neighborhood commercial area: excludes factories that discharge harmful substances designated by the Clean Air Conservation Act 
    4. Dedicated industrial area: all types of factories 
    5. Quasi-industrial area: factories with floor area of less than 5000㎡ 
    6. Production green zone: rice polishing factory, food factory, primary industry product processing factory, and cutting edge industrial factory designated by annex 1 no.3 of the Industrial Cluster Development and Factory Establishment Act that are constructed in provincial areas 
    7. Natural green zone: multistory factory, rice polishing factory, food factory, lumbering and cutting edge industrial factories that are constructed in provincial areas
    8. Planned management zone: chemical products manufacturing facilities, primary metal/processed metal products and machinery device manufacturing facilities that generate waste materials, storing or processing leather or fur by water or chemical products, textile refining, bleaching or dying facilities 
  • Title
    Approval ( Mayor, head of city district )
  • Content
    1. Factory establishment approval
    2. Construction approval
    3. Approval for building use
    Approval by other laws will be applied with necessary modifications. 
    Notification ( Mayor, head of city district ) 
    1. Notification of factory establishment 
    2. Notification of installment approval for environmental discharge facilities
    3. Notification of operation of environmental discharge facilities 
    4. Notification of construction commencement 
    5. Notification of discharger of industrial waste 
    6. Prior notification of dangerous substance handler : head of the fire department
    7. Prior notification of fire protection controller : head of the fire department
    8. Prior notification of electric safety manager : Electric Safety Association

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