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  • Title
    What are corporations required to do for registration? (Article 15-17 of the Act on registration and evaluation of chemicals)
  • Content
    ◦ (Confirmation of registration) Manufacturers & importers of chemical substances should check in advance whether or not they are required to register 
    ◦ (Preparation of documents) Documents for new chemical substances must be prepared prior to implementation of the Act, while documents for existing chemical substances can be prepared within the conditional registration period. 
    - Documents for harmful substances consist of GLP test results pursuant to Article 22, clause 1 of the Act, and documents for risky substances must be prepared based on these. 
    ◦ (Group document submission) In principle, manufacturers and importers of the same existing chemical substances subject to registration must submit their registration application as a group.(Article 15 of the Act) 
    * Doing this will reduce registration costs, as well as prevent social/economic loss 
    - After confirmation, manufacturers and importers must form a consultative group, appoint a leader and prepare documents for submission. 
    - The cost of producing new documents shall be shared between manufacturers and importers.
    ◦ (Sharing of existing documents) In principle, sharing of documents that are already registered can only be used upon permission of the document owner. (Article 16 & 17 of the Act)
    - Upon confirmation by the Minister of Environment, documents for vertebrates do not need to be submitted, without consent of the document owner. 
    ◦ (Overseas manufacturers) Duties assigned to the importer can be given to a pre-appointed* person who is qualified by the environment ministry ordinance. 
    *The purpose of this is to protect sensitive, confidential business information of overseas manufacturers.
  • Title
    In registering chemical substances, what is the purpose of adopting a reporting system and what details are there? (Article 8 of the Act on registration and evaluation of chemicals)
  • Content
    ◦ (Purpose) To find out people who are obliged to report, as well as to confirm usages of chemical substance, changes in manufacturing & import volume etc. 
    - This system allows importers of the same chemical substance to register as a group. 
    *This system is similar to Pre-registration of the EU REACH, which allows sharing of information among manufacturers and importers of the same substance
    ◦ (Reporter) Everyone who manufacturers/imports/sells new chemical substances or existing chemical substances of 1 ton or more 
    ◦ (What to report) usages, as well as manufacturing/import/sales volume must be reported in a consistent format to the Minister of Environment every year 
    - Any changes to the above must also be reported 
     
     
    ◇ Chemical substances that are exempted from reporting  
     
    ① Chemical substances embedded and imported in machines 
    ② Chemical substances imported with machineries for test runs 
    ③ Chemical substances in a solid product that cannot be released during use 
    ④ Chemical substances manufactured & imported for investigation and research 
    ⑤ Other chemical substances designated by the Presidential decree 
  • Title
    What are the major policy changes made to the Act on registration and evaluation of chemicals?
  • Content
    ◦ The enactment of the Act (No. 11789, enacted 22 May 2013, implemented 1 Jan 2015) 
    - The Ministry of Environment enacted and announced the above Act on May 22 2013, to protect environment and people’s health, as well as to sharpen competitive edge of Korea’s chemical industry. 
    ◦ Major policy changes made to the Act 
    ① Toxicity assessment of new chemical substances (previous) ⇒ chemical substance register system 
    - Upon this chance, existing chemical substances are also to be registered. 
    ② Toxicity management (previous) ⇒ toxicity assessment + risk evaluation system 
    - Previously, chemical substance itself was tested for the toxicity. Under the new system, its overall risk is assessed. 
    ③ Toxic, restricted, prohibited substance(previous) + approved substance (extended scope of harmful chemical substance) 
    - “Approved substances” are included in the scope of harmful chemical substance to induce development of alternative substances
    ④ Safety management policy adopted for potentially harmful products 
    Regulations (safety standard, risk evaluation etc.) are set to prevent potential damages caused by chemical products for everyday use. 
    < Changes in management system after enactment of the Act on registration and evaluation of chemicals > 
     
    Changes in management system after enactment of the Act on registration and evaluation of chemicals
  • Title
    What is waste management pre-guarantee system?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 40 of the Wastes Control Act
    ◦ ‘Waste management pre-guarantee system is a system to prevent reckless disposal of industrial waste treatment businesses pursuant to Article 40 of the Wastes Control Act. 
    - Waste treatment businesses need to provide a pre-guarantee on proper waste treatment, by either paying contributions to the waste management cooperative, or sign up for insurance and let their insurance cover the cost of waste treatment. This system thereby aims to prevent reckless waste disposal in the event of bankruptcy or shutdown of business. 
  • Title
    What should be done when collecting, moving, and storing waste materials for cross-border transport?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 17 of the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal 
    ◦ In accordance with Article 17 of the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, transport/storage/recycling of wastes that are imported or exported are subject to the Wastes Control Act or the Act on the Promotion of Saving and Recycling of Resources. 
    ◦ Therefore, those who wish to collect & transport wastes for export must get approval for waste collection and transport in accordance with Article 25 of the Wastes Control Act, and those who want to run semi-treatment business of wastes must get approval for waste semi-treatment. 
    * According to the Act on the Control of Trans boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, those approved for the waste import are responsible for the treatment of their own imported wastes. (In accordance with Article 24-3 of the Wastes Control Act)
  • Title
    What is volume-rate garbage disposal system?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 14 of the Wastes Control Act
    ◦ Volume-rate garbage disposal system aims to fundamentally reduce waste generation and promote recycling of waste. This is a ‘pay as you dispose’ system, which differs from the previous system of imposing fixed fees on waste disposal based on building size or property tax. 
    ◦ Volume-rate garbage disposal system applies to domestic waste and industrial waste similar to domestic waste, and details necessary for implementation of the system are designated in a system guideline. (Amended in Nov. 2012) 
    ◦ Domestic waste must be disposed in a standard garbage disposal bag manufactured and sold by local government agencies, and recyclable materials such as paper, steel, glass bottles and plastic can be disposed for free. For the disposal of large items such as waste furniture or home electronic appliances, disposal stickers must be purchased and attached. Broken glass or other materials that cannot be disposed in a standard disposal bag must be put out in a separate bag.
  • Title
    What kinds of waste management business are there?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 22 of the Wastes Control Act 
    ◦ Those who wish to run a business on collection/transport/recycling/treatment of designated wastes(excluding domestic waste), must submit their waste management business plan to the minister of environment, or to the mayor/governor if the waste is other than above. 
    ◦ Collection & transport of waste: collecting & transporting waste to recycling or treatment facilities or to export 
    ◦ Semi-treatment of waste:  semi-treatment of waste by incineration, mechanical, chemical, biological, and other safe semi-treatment method in a semi waste treatment facility 
    ◦ Final treatment of waste: final treatment of waste (landfill etc. excluding ocean disposal) in a final waste treatment facility 
    ◦ Comprehensive treatment of waste: semi-treatment together with final treatment of waste 
    ◦ Semi-recycling of waste: semi-processed waste manufacturing in a waste recycling facility 
    ◦ Final recycling of waste: recycling of semi-processed waste with purpose and by treatment method in accordance with Article 13-2 of the Wastes Control Act, in a waste recycling facility 
    ◦ Comprehensive recycling of waste: semi-recycling together with final recycling of waste in a waste recycling facility
  • Title
    What are measures prepared by the government for the climate pact?
  • Content
    ◦ Because Korea is currently a non-annex country, it is not subject to any mitigation obligation until 2020. 
    ◦ Currently, the international community is discussing on a new climate regime, and plans to complete its preparation by 2015. 
    ◦ By 2020, the Korean government will establish and implement various mitigation roadmaps in order to reach its midterm national greenhouse gas mitigation target. 
    (* Low Carbon Green Growth Act Enforcement Decree Article 25-mitigation of 35% compared to BAU by 2020) 
    ◦ As the host country of GCF, Korea will assume its bridging role between developed and developing countries, as well as voluntarily set up its post-2020 mitigation pledges.
  • Title
    What are the projects subject to environmental impact assessment and assessment procedures?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 22, Annex 3 of enforcement decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act
    ◦ Environmental Impact Assessment Act investigates/predicts/evaluates environmental plans in terms of their impact on the environment prior to approval, in order to avoid or eliminate harmful environmental impact. 
    ◦ The assessment is performed in 17 areas (enforcement decree annex 3) including urban development project, excluding disaster emergency project, military or national confidential projects 
    ◦ The assessment can be performed by an agent. Upon suggestions made by residents and relevant administrative agency, it can be discussed with the head of a consultative agency. (Either the Ministry of Environment or local environmental agency)
  • Title
    Who are the negotiating parties and negotiation procedures of strategic environmental impact assessment?
  • Content
    ☞ Legal grounds: Article 9, Annex 2 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act 
    ◦ This system is a systematic decision making tool that helps sustainable development through comprehensive measure of economic, social, environmental impact of policymaking, planning, and programming prior to launching development projects. 
    ◦ When establishing plans that may have an impact on the environment, they are analyzed to see whether or not they are in line with environment conservation plans. By reviewing appropriateness of the plans, sustainable development potential of the land is ensured. 
    ◦ Strategic environmental impact assessment consists of 15 policy plans and 86 basic development plans, stipulated by annex 2 of the enforcement decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act, Article 9. 
     
    ◦ Head of the policy planning institute decides assessment category / scope, after preparing an assessment report for a discussion meeting. Strategic environmental impact assessment is then drafted, according to assessment categories. Upon suggestions made by relevant administrative bodies and residents, its final version is submitted to the approval agency, and the head of approval agency must discuss it with the head of a consultative agency.

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