A brainchild of the Gyeonggi Provincial Government (GPG) and the Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology (AICT), Pangyo Zero City was established by Gyeonggi-do in Techno Valleys 1 and 2 with the purpose of promoting the autonomous driving industry. Pangyo ZeroCity serves as an open platform-based and real-life test bed for self-driving technologies, with the aim to foster a growing ecosystem for the autonomous driving industry. It is situated in real-world environments in Techno Valleys 1 and 2 in Pangyo, serving as an open platform-based test bed for autonomous driving technologies.
*Construction duration and cost: 2016 to 2021, KRW 49.8 billion (funded by the GPG)*Managed by: Gyeonggi Autonomous Driving Center (GADC), part of the Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology (AICT)
1. Operating Pangyo Zero City
The Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology (AICT) was founded with the mission of serving as a forward base for scientific and technological innovations in Gyeonggi Province. The AICT is committed to serving the public by helping to realize a convenient and safe society and solve social problems through the convergence of innovative technologies that characterize the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
After announcing the plan to develop Pangyo Techno Valley (TV) 2 in May 2015, the GPG asked for the institute’s advice on the feasibility of creating an industrial cluster that was distinct from Pangyo TV 1 and that would accommodate newer technologies, including autonomous driving and robotics. Judging that simply advancing the technology alone was not sufficient to enhance the safety and commercial potentials of autonomous driving vehicles (ADVs), the AICT had already proposed to the Korean government the idea of establishing a whole new city in which ADVs could operate without obstacles.
Accordingly, I advised the GPG to establish a testing zone as part of TV 2 in which the latest developments in the autonomous driving technology could be tested before they were launched full scale on the market. With the model of testing the newly researched and developed ADVs and related services in the testing zone so that they could be elaborated into actual mobility services befitting smart cities, the AICT consulted numerous experts and organized discussions at multiple levels. The result is the plan, established in 2015, to develop an autonomous driving testing zone under the brand name of Pangyo Zero City.
2. Gyeonggi Autonomous Driving Center (GADC)/Testing Zone
First and foremost was the need to develop infrastructure supporting tests on autonomous driving. Such infrastructure had to include an integrated control center, a vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications network, Internet-of-Things (IoT) sensors for collecting road and traffic data, spatial information including high-definition (HD) maps, cloud and a data center.
Second, it was also necessary to include a research space that would allow for the remodeling and researching of ADVs indoors and a co-working space that would support networking among diverse organizations and their members.
Finally, legal and institutional measures, including insurance, were necessary to enable researchers to perform a wide range of tests on roads with confidence.
The Zero Living Lab in the GADC, in fact, was created to accommodate the activities of public-private partnership necessary to the governance of the Center, to support the use of regulatory sandbox measures, and to promote the autonomous driving testing zone. Although not all of my requests have made it into the final plan, the GADC is the first autonomous driving testing center in Korea that caters as much as possible to researchers’ demands. The GADC hopes to cater to more demands in the future by managing this institution wisely.
The GADC launched the Zero Shuttle project, in partnership with the GPG, mainly to achieve four objectives. First, the GADC sought to develop and present a new alternative that could minimize road congestion expected as a result of TV 2 being developed. Second, the GADC needed to test the autonomous driving infrastructure and services in Pangyo ZeroCity before opening them up to the general public. Third, the GADC needed a shared platform that startups can use to test and evaluate their products and services. Finally, the GADC needed a system capable of collecting big data on autonomous driving around the clock.
The AICT will contribute to improving the lives of people in Gyeonggi Province by going over and beyond mere research and development. Sharing and connection are the two keywords to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, and they will undoubtedly transform and innovate many things in the future, including autonomous driving. ADV shuttle services, on-demand ADVs, ADV sharing, delivery and security protection services will affect our daily lives, reducing car accidents, improving travel efficiency, and rendering our living and commute environments more pleasant. In addition to enhancing the freedom of mobility, autonomous driving will also newly shape our values on work and life.
3. Integrated Control Lab: Overview
Autonomous driving control platform
1. Collects data on ADVs in the area and IoT service events.
2. Collects data from outside sources (weather, accidents, road conditions, etc.
3. Supports control and collects operating data.
4. Supports research and testing and collects data.
1. Supports autonomous driving tests for research purposes in PZC.
2. Supports cloud and big data systems.
3. Provides personalized control and monitoring environments.
Big data system
1. Turns data collected by the autonomous driving control platform into big data.
2. Provides data on ADVs in operation, IoT service events, and outside sources.
3. Provides big data system (NDAP, BI, etc.) for both operating and research purposes.
1. Provides high-precision mapping service on expanded sections in TVs 1 and 2.
2. Provides High Definition (HD) Maps.
3. Enables management of map layers.
By Kim Jae-hwan