Introduction on the Republic of Korea
- Investment Guide
- Living Information
- Introduction on the Republic of Korea
|Country Name||Republic of Korea||Capital||Seoul|
|Area||100,339.4 km2 (ranks 107th globally)||Population||51,780,579 (Statistics Korea, 2020)|
|Time Difference||GMT + 9 hours*||Religion||Protestantism, Buddhism, Catholicism, etc.|
|Sinjeong (New Year’s Day)||January 1|
|Seollal (Lunar New Year)||January 1 (Lunar calendar)||The first day of the Korean lunar calendar when Koreans exchange greetings and words of encouragement|
|Samiljeol||March 1||Commemorate the March 1 Independence Movement in 1919|
|Buddha’s Birthday||April 8 (Lunar calendar)||Also called Seokga Tansinil in Korean|
|Children’s Day||May 5|
|Memorial Day||August 15|
|Gwangbokjeol||August 15||Celebrate both the national liberation in 1945 and the establishment of the government of the Republic of Korea in 1948.|
|Chuseok||August 15 (Lunar calendar)||A major holiday in Korea that is also called hangawi, meaning the great middle of autumn.|
|Gaecheonjeol||October 3||Celebrate the foundation of the first Korean kingdom of the Dangun Joseon|
|Hangul Day||October 9||Commemorate the invention of Hangul, the unique alphabet of the Korean language|
WeatherKorea has a temperate climate with four relatively distinct seasons. Climate change, caused by global warming, has been prolonging summer compared to the other three seasons.
In January, the coldest month of the year, the temperature can drop to as low as -17 degrees Celsius, whereas it can reach 39 degrees in August (as of 2018), the hottest month of the year. Humidity rises to 85 percent in summer, notably increasing the heat index. Summer usually begins with a rainy season (known as jangma in Korea), and 50 to 60 percent of the annual precipitation falls during the summer months.
Fine and ultrafine dust has increasingly become an issue in Korea, with its concentration being higher from fall to spring and lower in the summer.