Protection of Pregnant Women
Maternity Leave Before and After Childbirth
Employers shall grant pregnant women a total of 90 days of maternity leave (120 days if she is pregnant with two or more babies at a time) which may be taken before and after childbirth. In such cases, 45 days (60 days if she is pregnant with two or more babies at a time) or more shall be granted after childbirth.
Reduction of Work Hours during Pregnancy Periods
Upon request, employers are required to permit female employees, who have been pregnant for not more than 12 weeks or for not less than 36 weeks, a reduction of two hours per day in working hours. In such cases, however, employers shall not cut the employee’s wages. Employers may allow the working hours of female employees, which are shorter than eight hours a day, to be reduced to six hours.
Upon request, employers should grant any male employee whose spouse has given birth ten days of paid holiday leave. Such claims must be made within ninety days of the date of childbirth.
Work-Family Balance Assistance
When an employee parenting a child (including an adopted one) age eight or younger, or in the first or second grade in elementary school, applies for a leave of absence, the employer shall grant the permission. The period of childcare leave shall not exceed one year, and employers shall not dismiss or take any other disadvantageous measures against an employee due to childcare leave or dismiss the employee during the period of childcare leave. The period shall be included in the employee’s record of continuous years of service.
Reduction of Working Hours during the Childcare Period
When an employee who is eligible to apply for childcare leave applies for a reduction of working hours in lieu of such a leave, the employer shall grant the permission. Employers shall not dismiss or take any other disadvantageous measures against employees due to the reduction of working hours during periods of childcare. Upon permission of the employer, an employee may work for 15 to 35 hours a week.
※ Related law : Article 19 of the Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-family Balance Assistance Act